5 Major Learning Disabilities In Kids
If you have a toddler at home and if he has started going to his Montessori school, then you must have heard the term ‘learning disability. Have you ever wondered what is this learning disability?
A Learning Disability is a neurological condition that affects the brain’s ability to send, receive, and process information. Kids with learning disabilities may struggle to read, write, speak, listen, and comprehend or understand any instruction. The most common types of learning disabilities are dyslexia, dyscalculia, dyspraxia, and dysgraphia. Each type of disorder may coexist with another.
Please read through this entire write-up to know the symptoms and solutions of different types of learning disorders.
Dyscalculia : Kids with dyscalculia may face difficulties in understanding basic math principles and solving simple problems. They are not able to
- Judge time and distance
- Differentiate between directions
- Visualize things mentally
- Render simple calculations in mind
- Educational therapies for dyscalculia-affected children are very helpful.
- Parental support and encouragement to enhance other skills like music, art or sport works quite effectively.
Dyscalculia : It is a typical condition in which children face difficulty in writing. They may have unusual or distorted writing. Although dysgraphia can occur among kids aged below 15 years, adults can also have this. Common symptoms of dysgraphia are :
- Difficulty in writing words and numbers; mix up the letters and face problems in writing correct spelling.
- Struggle to interpret handwriting and process the language.
- Language therapy programs are quite helpful.
- Special training to develop motor skills, hand-eye coordination, and certain linguistic and number skills like recognizing the letters or numbers is effective.
Dyscalculia : This is mainly a language-based learning disability in which kids have trouble understanding words, sentences, and paragraphs. Common symptoms of dyslexia include :
- Understanding or comprehending what they are reading or hearing.
- Some dyslexic kids are notably talented in arts, music, 3D visual perception, sports, etc.
- Enrolling in specially designed reading programs.
- Consulting special educators in schools.
Dyscalculia : Although dyspraxia is not a learning disability, it commonly coexists with other learning disabilities. It is a disorder that commonly affects the development of children’s motor skills. Common symptoms of this learning disability are :
- Kids with dyspraxia may have problems in planning and executing various motor tasks like waving goodbye or getting dressed.
Dyspraxia is a lifelong disorder with no such cure. But Daycare Rolling Hills Estates CA teachers suggest some options for helping children to improve their ability to function independently.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) : According to the experts, this is not a learning disability, but can affect children's learning and healthy development. This is commonly linked to other learning disabilities. Kids having ADHD looks restless and lose focus easily. They struggle to concentrate on the task at hand.
- Yoga or tai chi sessions may work wonderfully.
- Consulting behavioral therapist is helpful.
If your kids have any of these learning disabilities, please have patience, spend time with them, try to identify their hidden talents, and motivate them to enhance that. Once they develop certain skills, they will feel comfortable and confident to face the world.